N

Nelson Street in O’Connell was formed between Campbell Street and Newtown Road prior to 1863, and renamed as Little Queen Street in 1896. Bruce Baskerville suggests it was part of what was once University Street and that the terraces on its west side are from 1858-62 and its eastern ones from 1889.

 

Newman Street was formed in Camden in 1880 and named for Charles Alfred Newman who operated a school in Church Street, lived in Susan Street then Brown Street, was a Council auditor in the 1860s and local Registrar for births deaths and marriages.

 

Newtown Road was an informal description of the Newtown section of the Cooks River Road up until its naming as King Street in October 1877.

 

Norfolk Street in Camden was formed in 1879 but the reason for the name is not known. The area around it was resumed for the school in 1912.

 

Northwood Street in Kingston Ward was formed in 1900. Estate agents Raine and Horne offered the Northwood Estate, between Federation, Australia and Church Streets, for sale in December 1900 and March 1901.

 

Norton Street in Kingston is thought to be mentioned in 1884

 

M

Macintosh Lane is two streets away behind the Town Hall in Kingston; a John Macintosh is said to appear in early records, Archibald Macintosh was a Council Clerk who died 24 July 1911.

 

Maria Street in Camden was formed in 1866 and named after the 22 year old Mary Louisa Spark née Josephson, but later renamed Darley Street.

 

Margaret Street in Enmore was formed during the 1877 subdivision of the Camden College Estate.

 

Marian Street in Enmore is first mentioned in 1878 and named after Maryanne Clark, the Josephson’s tenth child, born in 1857.

 

Mary Street in Kingston is seen on an 1845 subdivision of the Lieutenant-General Maurice O’Connell estate and could be named for his wife Mary Putland, daughter of Governor Bligh.

 

May Street in Camden is the municipal boundary with St Peters.

 

Mechanic Street in O’Connell ward was part of the 1845 subdivision of Governor William Bligh’s 1806 210-acre Camperdown Estate grant; ‘mechanic’ was then a common term for working class men who were not farmers or domestic staff.

 

Melville Lane is one street away from the back of the Town Hall in Kingston and named either for Aldermen Ninian or Hector Melville.

 

Metropolitan Road in Enmore was named for the Metropolitan Permanent Building and Investment Association, the Melbourne-based company which supervised the demolition of Enmore House in 1883.

Metropolitan Road - Enmore School (Guy Wilkinson)

Metropolitan Road – Enmore School (Guy Wilkinson)

 

Missenden Road in O’Connell Ward appears on the Samuel Lyon’s 1841 subdivision of the Camperdown Estate and was widened in 1885; there is a Missenden in Buckinghamshire.

 

Mitchell Road in Alexandria is assumed to have been named for local coal merchant Joseph Mitchell 1840-1897. He was MLA for the area in 1881-85 and 1888-89; ‘Madame’ Charlotte Mitchell organised a series of entertainments in 1867 at Newtown’s School of Arts.

 

Mulqueeny’s Lane in Kingston; Thomas Mulqueeny born in Ireland in 1839, arrived in N. S. W. in 1862 and ran a Newtown bus service for twenty years. He retired in the 1880s to live off the profits. Mr S. J. Mulqueeny was the Senior Assistant at Newtown Post Office in the 1890s.

 

Munni Street in Camden is mentioned in 1877 as part of the Islington estate subdivision.

 

 

L

Lansdowne and Langdown Street in O’Connell are mentioned in the 1860s Minutes, but perhaps these are in error for Longdown.

 

Land’s Lane is parallel to Bishopgate Street in Kingston and first mentioned in 1881; it is presumably named for Mr. Land, a valuer with property on Erskineville Road at the time.

 

Laura Street was formed in the mid 1870s as part of the Camdenville subdivision and named after Joshua Josephson’s eighth child, Laura Bowyer who was born in November 1852.

 

L’Avenue in O’Connell, known as Kettle Avenue circa 1887,  was formed by Alderman George Brock early in the 1890s, it was sometimes called La Avenue; it was  resumed in 1912 and renamed as Warren Ball Avenue by 1922.

 

Leamington Avenue is part of the Pines Estate subdivision offered in 1887; its former owner John Fairfax (1804-1877) commenced his newspaper publishing career in the fashionable spa town of Leamington Springs in Warwickshire England in the 1820s. He lived in Macquarie Street and Ginaghulla on Bellevue Hill, and despite the rumour is not known to have lived in ‘The Retreat’ in Burren Street Macdonaldtown.

 

Lennox Street in Kingston Ward was formed prior to 1863 and extended eastward covering Charles Street in 1879.

 

Liberty Street in Kingston was formed prior to 1863. Local legend says its name arose from people diverting here to avoid the threepenny toll for users of Cooks River Road. The St Josephs church history tells an anecdote of a certain judge who ‘took almost childish delight in avoiding payment ‘by driving through the pool that formed the boundary of the road’ and then names Judges Forster, Josephson, Meynott and Attorney-General Therry.

 

Linthorpe Street in O’Connell was created as part of the 1873 subdivision of the Linthorpe Estate. Ralph Mayer Robey was one of the original owners. Linthorpe Lane was created at the same time and later extended northerly to Brown Street from the point where it is now slightly out of alignment.

 

Little Commodore Street was created in 1884(?) in Enmore and was previously Albert Street and before that Stack Street (see Commodore Street, and the Minutes of Newtown Council for 8th July 1884, 11th May 1886).

 

Little Queen Street: see Nelson.

 

Longdown Street in O’Connell is first mentioned in 1866.

 

London Street in Enmore is first mentioned in 1869.

 

Lord Street in Camden was named for John Lord, owner of the Bello Retiro estate here, a trustee of St Peter’s Church, merchant and importer. In 1838 he was involved in the campaign to import Indian coolies to replace English convicts.

 

Lynch Street in Enmore was previously called Harrow Road and can be seen on an 1841 subdivision map (see David Lynch 4th Sept 1883, 22nd July 1884, 2nd January 1889).

 

Lower Simmons Street in Enmore was formed in 1880 as part of the Ferndale estate but subsumed as Simmons in 1882; see Simmons.

 

K

Keig Street was formed in Enmore in 1881 but renamed as Rawson Street sometime after 1905. The land containing the exceedingly narrow terraces on Keig and Don Streets was sold by E. J. Rubie and the St Josephs Building Society, Sydney’s oldest. The origin of the name Keig is unknown but a Mr Keily or Kiely was excavator at College Street nearby (see minutes for 15th Nov. and 13th Dec. 1881). Subdivision maps no N6/175/215 at the Mitchell Library show this area with the date 12/1/1886 and the name Adelbert Schleicher and W. Ventemann.

 

Kent Street in Enmore was made after the 1877 subdivision of Camden College; the Reverend Samuel Chambers Kent was first Pastor at the Congregational Church 1856-72 and first Principal at Camden College from 1864.

 

Kent Lane is near Lennox Street in Kingston, but we cannot sure how it was named, for Reverend Samuel Chambers Kent or for the Kent Brewery at Chippendale? There was a house called Kent House situated between Albert, Baltic and Albermarle Streets, shown on a subdivision map dated 27th April 1897 catalogued as N6/103 at the Mitchell Library.

Kettle Avenue now known as Warrenball Avenue, previously L’Avenue, was known as Kettle Avenue circa 1887

 

King Street - square (Joe Latty)

King Street – square (Joe Latty)

King Street (see Cooks River Road) was also called ‘the Newtown Road’ in the 1870s; the section between Bligh Street and Parramatta Road was named City Road in the 1920s (?).

 

Kingston Ward was named after Thomas Rowley’s estate which was named after the penal settlement on Norfolk Island where Rowley had been stationed.

 

King St circa 1912 (Jubilee Souvenir)

King St circa 1912 (Jubilee Souvenir)
King st 2009

King st 2009 (Sang Nguyen)

J

James Street in Enmore can be seen on an 1841 subdivision map and was presumably named for James Simmons; it was extended on 23rd October 82; see Simmons Street.

 

John Street in Camden is first mentioned in 1867, and was presumably named for brickmaker John Goodsell, or his son Frederick John Goodsell, alderman for twenty years. A level crossing was used after it was cut by the railway line in 1884; it may have been extended on 7th July 1885.

 

Johnston’s Lane near Australia Street in Kingston is mentioned after 1883 and presumably named for the family who owned the bordering Annandale estate.

 

Juliett Street can be seen on an 1841 subdivision map of Enmore and is assumed to be named after Isaac Josephson’s wife Juliet née Hanson (her brother was Romeo Hanson). Randolph Bedford’s memoirs of the 1870s describe it as a ‘highly respectable street of churchgoers’; it is spelled as Juliet in the 1939 Lands Department map and Juliett by the present Marrickville Council.

 

Jury Lane off Fitzroy Street in O’Connell can be seen on the 1880s Higginbotham map.

 

I

Iredale Street in Camden is first mentioned in 1877 as part of the Islington Estate. The Iredale family owned this part of Nicholas Devine’s 1830s land grant. Lancelot Iredale was a Wesleyan philanthropist and a Sydney City Councillor in 1844-47, one of the family wrote to Newtown Council in 1867 asking for a Certificate of Indefeasible Title under the Real Property Act. Frank Iredale was a cricketer representing N. S. W. and Australia.

 

Isabella Street in O’Connell appears on an 1845 map surrounding the first St Stephen’s Church. The name no longer appears there.

 

Islington Street in Camden was formed in 1872 when the Islington Estate was sold by J & A Fairfax. Islington is a municipality in south-east London. The north end of Islington Street connected with Gowrie Street and the Islington section was renamed Gowrie (see 10th July 1883, 8th July 1884, 3rd Mar 1886). Subdivision map no N6/220 at the Mitchell Library shows the land that is essentially the St George’s Hall site, one lot being the Congregational Church.

 

Ivery Lane is situated in O’Connell east of Holdsworth Street and the Darlington municipal border.

 

H

Harold Street in Camden is mentioned in 1882 but the origin of its name is unknown.

 

Harrow Road in Enmore can be seen on an 1841 subdivision map, and coincidentally is the name of the school to which Joshua Josephson sent his two eldest boys in the 1860s. It was renamed Lynch Avenue after 1939, probably in 1948, so as not to duplicate Harrow Road in Stanmore.

 

Hart’s Lane is mentioned in 1883 but is not on twentieth century maps, presumably it was named for builder and alderman Peter Hart.

 

Hawken Street in Camden was formed in 1879, and spelt as ‘Hawkins Street’ in Council minutes on the assumption it was land owned by T. Hawkins, the builder who refurbished the Town Hall in 1869. However the spelling changed the following year. Nicholas Hawken (1836-1908) was born in Cornwall, a produce merchant who lived in The Gables on King Street, Mayor of Darlington 1881-1903 and representative for Newtown in Parliament 1887-91, author of ‘Power of Government, Poems and Catastrophe of God’, and pictured on page 82 of the 1907 Cyclopaedia.

 

Henderson Rd 1954 (ArchivePix)

Henderson Rd 1961 (ArchivePix)

Henderson Roadwas formed in 1875 in Erskineville and named after the owners of the Camellia Grove Nursery there.

 

Hennings’ Lane in O’Connell; Henry Hennings ran a bakery here on the corner of Watkin and Wilson Streets; a wheat sheaf in stucco is still visible on the building.

 

Herbert Street is part of the Linthorpe Subdivision of 1905 (see subdivision map no. N6/141 at Mitchell Library).

 

Hibbles’ Lane was located between Bucknell and Watkin in O’Connell from 1882 and named after painter/decorator Alderman William Hibble.

 

Hill Street was opened below Wilson Street in O’Connell in 1882 to connect Watkin Street to the Macdonaldtown station, and renamed Watkin in 1885. It was named after owner C. W. Hill rather than Alderman Rowland Hill.

 

Hoffman’s Lane is parallel to Lennox Street in Kingston and mentioned in 1881. Frederick Hoffman (c.1814-1886) owned a bakery at Brickfield Hill in the city, lived at Lennox and Regent from the 1860s and was one of first members of Newtown’s Volunteer Fire Brigade. His son was also named Frederick and was Council’s Assistant Sanitary Inspector and Valuer in the early 1900s.

 

Holdsworth Street was part of the Pines Estate subdivision in O’Connell offered by Messrs Holdsworth & Evans’ development company in 1887. They also offered to widen Wilson Street to 66 feet. The original ‘Pine Villa’ stood near Holdsworth Street up until the 1890s. Richard Holdsworth was a solicitor in partnership with a Mr. Rowley until 1866/68, then with S. C. Brown MP until 1877/79 before joining in partnership with a Mr. Evans.

 

Hollis Lane in O’Connell is behind L’Avenue (now Warren Ball Avenue) and named after Alderman Robert Hollis who lived in Newman Street in the 1880s then in Wilson Street for 30 years.

 

Hollis Park in O’Connell is named after Alderman Robert Hollis; the top half was purchased on 4th June 1913, the lower half was gazetted on 8th April 1914.

 

Holmwood Street in Camden Ward was part of the Dickson family’s 1887 subdivision of their ‘Holmwood Estate’; the house was built in the 1830s (James Broadbent suggests it may have been designed by John Verge) and demolished in 1890.

 

Holt Street in Enmore was formed prior to 1863 and named after Thomas Holt, tycoon, Treasurer in the Colony’s first responsible government in 1856, MLA 1861-64 and resident in Camden Villa until 1856 when he built the Warren Castle at South Marrickville.

 

Hopetoun Street in Kingston Ward was formed in 1900 and named for John Adrian, Earl of Hopetoun, first Governor-General of Australia, 1901-02.

 

Horbury Lane exists in Kingston (or at least it did until 1939); see Horbury Terrace.

 

Horbury Terrace in Kingston was a street and a terrace built by Thomas Holt facing the railway soon after 1855. The street name was greatly extended and connected to Bedford Street after 1865. Thomas Holt built another Horbury Terrace, still standing in Macquarie Street Sydney; both are named after his birthplace in Yorkshire.

 

Hordern Street in O’Connell Ward was part of the 1845 subdivision of Governor William Bligh’s 1806 210-acre Camperdown Estate grant, and given to Council by Thomas Chalder in 1878. It was named after Henry and John L. Hordern who had a drapery shop opposite the Congregational Church and whose family owned much land around here until the 1920s. The initials for Samuel Hordern II can be seen on at least four buildings in the area.

 

G

Georgina Street in O’Connell was formed in 1889, as part of Alderman George Brock’s grand residential development, as a 66 feet wide boulevard, and is believed to be named after Georgina Thruchley (his daughter) or Georgina Kettle (?).

 

George Street was formed prior to 1863 in Camden and proposed to be renamed White Horse Road in 1867.

 

Gibbs Lane west of Fitzroy in Kingston ward is presumably named after the local resident mentioned in the minutes of June 1880.

 

Gibbes Street in Camden was formed in 1885 after the Gowrie Estate was divided, and named after Alderman Frederick Jamison Gibbes MLA.

 

Gilpin Street was previously Stanley Street. David Gilpin was Camperdown’s last Mayor when it was absorbed into Sydney City in 1908.

 

Gladstone St 1965 (ArchivePix)

Gladstone St 1965 (ArchivePix)

Gladstone Street in Enmore was formed after 1874 to provide access to the smaller blocks offered when this section went again to auction in 1881 and 1883. William Ewart Gladstone was a British Prime Minister.

 

Goddard Street in Enmore seems likely to have been named either for Walter Henry Goddard, the Commercial Bank manager and Council Auditor in 1887, or for Alderman Reuben Sydney Goddard in the 1920s-40s.

 

Goodsell Street and Jane Street (?) in Camden Ward were put up for sale in 1882 and again on 11th April 1886 by members of the Goodsell family.

 

Gowrie Street 1950's (ArchivePix)

Gowrie Street 1950’s (ArchivePix)

Gowrie Street in Camden is first mentioned in 1879 and was given by developers Messrs Mill & Pile to Council in 1880. Gowrie Street connected with Islington Street and later subsumed it (see Minutes of Newtown Council, 27th May 1884). It was given the Scottish name Gowrie after the house and estate located here behind the school from the 1860s; by coincidence the childcare centre eight blocks away near Erskineville Oval was named in 1940 after Lady Gowrie, the wife of the then Governor-General.

 

Gowrie Lane in Camden is an extension of Islington and Gowrie Streets (see 4th Sept 1883, 18th January 1887).

Gladstone St - redeveloped silos

Gladstone St – redeveloped silos (Guy Wilkinson)

 

 

 

F

Federation Road in Kingston Ward was named at the time of Australia’s Federation. Real estate agents Raine and Horne offered the Northwood Estate between Federation Road, Australia and Church Streets for sale in December 1900 and March 1901.

 

Ferndale Street in Enmore was formed and named in the 1880 subdivision presumably after the ‘ferny dale’ there, though others referred to it as swampland.

 

Fitzroy Street in O’Connell is first mentioned in 1867 and Fitzroy Lane in Kingston is first mentioned in 1879. Although far apart, they were named after Sir Charles Augustus Fitzroy, bon-vivant and NSW Governor from 1846 to 1855.

 

Flora Lane at the rear of Don Street in Enmore is first mentioned in 1883.

 

Forbes Street in O’Connell Ward was formed in the 1830s. Named for Sir Francis Forbes 1784-1841, friend to Governor Brisbane and virtual President of the Legislative Council, lived here at Lietrim.

 

Fowler Street was formed after 1880 and named after the family whose pottery works and chimneys dominated the Camperdown area.

 

Fowler Reserve in Camden named after Mayor Lilian Fowler MLA in the 1930s.

 

Francis Lane off Australia Street in Kingston is mentioned in 1882 but has not yet been located.

 

Francis St 1959 (ArchivePix)

Francis St 1959 (ArchivePix)

Francis Street in O’Connell Ward was formed in the 1830s and named for Francis Forbes up until 1869; see Forbes Street and Queen Street.

 

Francis Street in Enmore can be seen on an 1841 subdivision map and it has been suggested that it was named after Joshua Josephson’s son-in-law Francis Lindsay Barker but the dates need more research.

 

Frederick Street near Wilford St and Enmore Rd in Enmore is mentioned in 1885 but does not appear on twentieth-century maps.

 

Frederick Street in O’Connell appears on nineteenth-century maps near Sarah Square and is mentioned on p.124 of the 1912 ‘Municipal Jubilee History’ but seems to have been swallowed up in the remodelling of the Teachers College in the 1970s.

 

Fulham Street in Enmore is first mentioned in 1879.

 

E

Edgeware Road in Enmore was formed prior to 1863, as a minor back street, and presumably named after the road in northwest London. It was extended up to meet Enmore Road in 1878 when Mayor Kingsbury suggested it be renamed after local resident (and Sydney City alderman 1842-1850) Thomas Smidmore, who died in 1861.

 

Egan Street in O’Connell Ward was part of the 1845 subdivision of Governor William Bligh’s 210-acre Camperdown Estate grant of 1806. The street was extended in 1881-83. A Mitchell Library subdivision map (No. N6/40) shows a Mr L. Egan as landowner here. Daniel Egan MLA (1803-1870) was a Catholic, a wine and spirit merchant and Mayor of Sydney in 1853, whose second wife perished on the Dunbar. The Church of England retained this area up until the 1880s.

 

Eliza Street in Kingston Ward is first seen in 1845 and named after Thomas Rowley’s daughter. John Webster’s New Town store on the corner of Eliza and Cooks River Road gave its name to the suburb.

 

Elizabeth Street in O’Connell is first mentioned in the mid-1860s.

 

Enmore Rd 1940s (ArchivePix)

Enmore Rd 1940s (ArchivePix)

Enmore Road was an Aboriginal walking track and was known as Josephson’s Track in the 1850s. Enmore Ward was created in 1862; the name is taken from the estate owned by Captain Sylvester Brown from 1835 and the Josephsons from 1838 to 1883. Enmore is the name of a small millennium-old town in Somerset near Cornwall; Brown took the name of his employer’s estate in British Guiana or Barbados in the West Indies. Following the renaming of a section of Cooks River Road as King Street in 1877, Alderman Melville proposed that Enmore Road be renamed Chelsea Street and Alderman Cozens recommended Queen Street instead. Queen Street was used from 1879 until after 1880 [?].

 

Erskineville Lane in O’Connell Ward was formed prior to 1863 and renamed Erskineville Road in 1878. The street and locality ‘Erskineville’ were named after Reverend George Erskine’s house ‘Erskine Villa’ which stood on its Rochford Street corner from 1832 to 1961. Erskine’s career as the first Superintendent of Wesleyan Missions in the NSW colony and South Sea islands is summed up in the Methodist Jubilee Conference Album of 1905 with the words ‘his career was not successful’ and that ‘he passed away after a few years service at Erskineville’ on 24th April 1834.