References 1 – 50

[1] Richard Cashman and Chrys Meader, 1990, , p19, p36 citing Cooks River Environmental Survey, 1976, p3.  See also Alan Sharpe, 1999 Newtown: Pictorial history. Alexandria, Camperdown, Darlington, Erskineville, MacDonaldtown, St Peters, Waterloo, Kingsclear, Sydney.re. 1890s excavations and the Alexandra Canal p99.
[2] Val Attenbrow, 2010 [orig. ed 2002] Sydney’s Aboriginal Past: investigating the archaeological and historical records, UNSW Press, 2nd edition, p44, 123.
[3] Anita Heiss and Terri McCormick, 2002, Barani: Indigenous History of Sydneyhttp://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/barani/themes/theme1.htm
[4] Guardian and Newtown Daily, 1 November 1962, p3. See also Anne Ross, 1988 Tribal and Linguistic boundaries: a reassessment of the evidence, p45 and fig 2.3 in Graeme Aplin 1988, A Difficult Infant: Sydney before Macquarie, UNSW Press, Sydney, for an approximate mapping of this path.
[5] A Short History of the Streets of Newtown, http://www.newtownproject.com.au/e [6] Sharpe, 1999 p62
[7] Mary Salmon, 1904, ‘The Suburbs of Sydney: along the old metal: the beginnings of Newtown’, v2 Newspaper cuttings, p75-76, from Evening News, 6 May 1904; see also L.G. Norman, 1963, Historical Notes on Newtown, Council of the City of Sydney, p7
[8]John Hunter, 1792, Chapter 6: Transactions at Port Jackson 1789-1790 in 1793, An Historical Journal of the Transactions at Port Jackson and Norfolk Island…p p160-1 on line SETIS version from 1793, http://purl.library.usyd.edu.au/setis/id/hunhist; p111-112 of 1968 facsimilie edition.
[9]Watkin Tench, 1788, p71
[10] Cashman and Meader,1990, p37.
[11] Tench, p228; and map at the start of the text.
[12] Grace Karskens 2009, The Colony: a history of early Sydney , Allen & Unwin, Sydney, p370.Thomas Mitchell, 1827, cited in Attenbrow, 2010 p42
[13]Thomas Mitchell, 1827, cited in Attenbrow, 2010 p42
[14] James Backhouse, 9 June 1835, in A Narrative of a visit to the Australian Colonies, London, Hamilton Adams, and Co, 1st published 1843, [1967 Johnson Reprint, New York] p288
[15] Backhouse 28 Feb 1837, p466.
[16] Backhouse, 28 Feb 1837, p167.
[17] Attenbrow, 2010, p41.
[18] Spark, Alexander Brodie, (eds) Graham Abbott and Geoffrey Little, 1976, The Respectable Merchant of Sydney, AB Spark of Tempe, Diary Entry for 21 March 1836, p59 cited in Chrys Meader, Richard Cashman Anne Carolan, ,1994,  Marrickville: people and places, Hale& Iremonger, , p14.
[19]Karskens, 2009, p535. [20] Death Certificate, Tommy ‘Aboriginal’, 186311049 122/1863, NSW Registry of Births Deaths and Marriages. [21] Burial docket of Tommy 11043, 16 March 1863, Camperdown Cemetery Burials 1862-1865, FM4/7952, Mitchell Library.
[22]aitland Mercury 24 March 1863, quoting SMH 19 March 1863. See also The Dawn Vol. 3, no. 8, 1954, p14
[23] William Perry, Copy of Burial certificate, 489, vol 34,
[24] P.W. Gledhill Collection notes, Camperdown Cemetery Vertical file, Marrickville Local Studies Collection
[25] Meader, 1997 Beyond the Boundary Stone,: a history of Camperdown Cemetery, Marrickville Council Library Services p16, based on Society of Genealogist index cards, Mogo, Death Certificate, NSW Registry of Births Deaths and Marriages, V1850880 36A/1850.
[26] Camperdown Cemetery Trust 1934, Prominent Australians, p16

[27] Dawn, 3(8) 1954: 14 http://www1.aiatsis.gov.au/dawn/docs/v03/s08/16.pdf; Wandelina (Aboriginal) Burial 8555 Camperdown Cemetery Burials, 1859-1961, FM4/7951, Mitchell Library.; Wandelina, ‘Aboriginal’, Death Certificate, 186008573 122/1860 NSW Registry of Births Deaths and Marriages; copy of burial record B 1858/8573/v.122
[28] Meader, 1997, p59; PW Gledhill,1946, A Stroll through the Historic Camperdown Cemetery, Robert Dey Son & Co, Sydney p24

[29] Individual History Group, 1987, La Perouse: the place, the people and the sea: a collection of writing by members of the Aboriginal community, Sydney, p36
[30] Our Aim, 27 (3) 1932: 8; Kevin Bradley, ‘Leaf Music in Australia’, Australian Aboriginal Studies, 1995, n2, p3 includes a photo of Tom Foster as a member of the Lake Tyers Gum Leaf Band in the mid 1920s, Jackomos Collection, AIATSIS.
[33] Gledhill, 1946 p5
[34] Aboriginal Grave, Mary, Aboriginal of Balmain, no. 17150, P.W. Gledhill Collection notes, Camperdown Cemetery Vertical file, Marrickville Local Studies Collection.

[35] Meader, 1997,p16, George Papas, BDM Death Certificate V1849430 34B/1849; copy of Church of England burial record, NSW Registry of Births Deaths and Marriages.

[36] Camperdown Cemetery Trust, 1934, Prominent Australians, p16.

[37] Coroners Inquests, SMH, 25 August 1849, p3

[38] Dawn, 3 (8) 1954: 14; possibly Billy Bush, Death Certificate, 1206/1861, NSW Registry of Births Deaths and Marriages.
[39] Prince of Denmark, 2 Nov 1861, State Records Authority of New South Wales: Shipping Master’s Office; Passengers Arriving 1855 – 1922; NRS13278, [X104-106] reel 409,
[40] Billy Bush, no. 9837, 9 Dec 1861 Camperdown Cemetery Burials 1859-1862, FM4/7951
[41] Meader, 1997, p16; Jerry, 11 Sept 1862, No 10465, Camperdown Cemetery Burials 1859-1862, FM4/7951; Freak, Aug 22 1862, Passenger List South Sea Islands to Sydney State Records Authority of New South Wales: Shipping Master’s Office; NGS 13278, Passengers Arriving 1855 – 1922; [X106-107] reel 410.
[42] 4605/1888, Toby, Newtown, Death Certificate http://mc2.vicnet.net.au/home/pmackett/nswdea.html ; Dora, Death Certificate, 4662/1888, NSW Registry of Births Deaths and Marriages; Biddy, Death Certificate 4712/1888, NSW Registry of Births Deaths and Marriages.
[43] Jack, Death record, 7271/1896, NSW Registry of Births Deaths and Marriages.

[44] Jimmy Jimmy Nicholas, RPA, Death certificate, NSW Registry of Births Deaths and Marriages, 2193/1924 [44a] Aborigines Indigenous Missionaries, AIM Bible Training Institute, Singleton, NSW, 1963-1966 Applications for entry, in AIM papers 1903-1988, Box 51, MLMSS 7167, Mitchell Library, Sydney

[45] T.G. Rees, 196?, Historic Camperdown, F S Pacey, Sydney. p10
[46] Meader, 1997, p16; Melinda Hinkson,  Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press p p90-1.

[47] NSW Census of 1871, (1873), Thomas Richards, Government Printer, Sydney, p379.
[48] NSW Census of 1871, (1873), Thomas Richards, Government Printer, Sydney, p425.
[49] NSW Census 1891, Collectors Books, Census District no.93, Newtown-Macdonaldtown, Sub District D, Enmore Ward, Book 4, p15, Reel 2540, SRNSW
[50] 9692/1906 Death Certificate Lena Chin Chi, Newtown NSW BDM

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