Y

Yaralla Street (sometimes spelt as ‘Uralla’) in O’Connell was given to Council in 1872. Thomas Walker 1804-1886 was President of the Bank of NSW, a philanthropist and owner from 1848 of the enormous waterfront estate called Yaralla which covers what is now Concord and Rhodes. He also owned some land around here between Bucknell Street, the railway and Kettle’s estate from before the mid-60s. He and daughter Dame Eadith Walker (1861-1937) contributed over £1 million in gifts to the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital and scholarships to the University’s Women’s College nearby in Carillon Avenue. (See subdivision map no N6/246 of 17th March 1871 at Mitchell Library).

 

Young Lane in Kingston is mentioned in 1882 but does not appear on the 1939 Lands Department map; perhaps it is now Turtle Lane?

 

York Lane referred to the shops called York Terrace on the main road just south of Brown Street. It was suggested in December 1879 that the land here between S. C. Brown’s house, King and Wilson Streets be made a public park, however this name no longer appears.

 

W

Walenore Street is located in Enmore near Alice Street but the meaning of its name is unknown.

 

Warren Ball Avenue was previously known as Kettle Avenue circa 1887,  and  also L’Avenue before renaming around 1920; Ball was an Alderman and philanthropist.

 

Watkin Street in O’Connell was the major street formed when Hanson’s Paddock was offered up for sale on 5 June 1880 by John Wesley Watkin, an active Wesleyan Methodist, auctioneer and manager of the Sydney Freehold Land and Building Society (see 13 December 1881) and who also sold the Bello Retiro estate in 1888.

 

Webber Street was formed in O’Connell in 1870 near Prospect and Brick Streets, but is not on the 1939 Lands Department map. It was presumably named for wheelwright Mr. G. Webber who ran the small independent Newtown Omnibus Company with a Mr. Addams.

 

Weekes Lane in Kingston was originally formed in the 1860s but named after resident Thomas Weekes after 1880. It is spelt as ‘Weeks’ on the 1939 Lands Department map.

 

Wellington Street in Kingston was formed prior to 1858, and became Chelmsford Street sometime after 1939. The Presbyterian church was located here prior to 1881; this street was surely named for the Duke of Wellington, the English hero of the Napoleonic wars, though a certain Mr Wellington did live in Egan Street in the 1880s.

 

Wells Street was formed in Enmore on the former Bello Retiro Estate in 1867 and named for the public well mentioned in 1866. There was a Wells farm in Enmore according to Richard Cashman’s 1810s map (but check 13 June 1882 for a mention of Well Street).

 

Whately Street was formed and named in August 1888; the 1939 Lands Department map shows it as an odd crooked laneway skirting the back of Whately’s yard.

 

Cnr Whitehorse & King St (Joe Latty)

Cnr Whitehorse & King St (Joe Latty)

White Horse Roadin Camden is confused with George Street; it is presumably named after the White Horse Hotel there (which itself was presumably named after the popular White Horse Hotel on George Street Sydney).

 

Wilford Street and Lane in Enmore was formed in 1869. Lilith Norman says it was named for Judge Henry Wilford who owned Thurnby Lodge prior to 1854 when it was bought by Thomas Chapin Breillat, while Percy Gledhill says the owner was a Thomas Wilford (1788-1847).

 

Williams Lane was near the Wesleyan Church behind King Street in O’Connell but does not appear on the 1939 Lands Department map. It is mentioned in the Newtown Council Minutes on 28 Dec 1885, near Short, and 28 September 1886.

 

Wilson St 1954 (ArchivePix)

Wilson St 1954 (ArchivePix)

Wilson Streetwas formed in O’Connell Ward in the 1840-50s but at that time it did not extend west past Erskineville Lane. The section near Hollis Park was widened from 35 to 66 feet in September 1887. It may have been named after ironmonger Felix Wilson 1802-1865, an inaugural Sydney City Councillor in 1842, a Director of the Bank of NSW in 1843-50 who bought ‘Lietrim’ (designed by John Verge in 1834) and renamed it ‘Pine Villa’ here in 1843. The original ‘Pine Villa’ stood near Holdsworth Street until the 1890s. Felix Wilson’s son Joshua married Jessie Elizabeth Shepherd who was grand-daughter to Thomas Shepherd, his daughter Anne married railway-builder William Randle, his grandson was the artist William Hardy Wilson 1881-1955.

 

Wright’s Lane at the back of Ferndale Street was formed when Mr. J. P. Wright subdivided the Ferndale estate in 1883 (see Newtown Council Minutes, 5th September 1883 and 1st April 1884).

 

Wyatt’s Lane at the back of Hordern Street in O’Connell is first mentioned in 1877 but does not appear on the 1939 Lands Department map. It was named after William Wyatt who lived here and was a teacher at St Stephen’s School and (co)auditor to Council for a time in the 1880s.

 

V

Vermeesch’s Lane in Kingston is first mentioned in 1890; John Vermeesch was a storekeeper who lived in Mary Street then Trade Street and supported Alderman James Conley in the 1869 election.

 

Victoria Street in O’Connell Ward was called Brick Street before 1878.

 

U

Union St (ArchivePix)
Union St Newtown (ArchivePix)

University Street was constructed by the late 1850s and is assumed to be now Salisbury Road.

 

Union Street. There were two Union Streets, one in Enmore and one on the Border of Newtown and Erskineville/Macdonaldtown.

Union Street Enmore was formed prior to 1863 and was referred to as Union St West, it was renamed as Bailey Street on 4th December 1877.

There was a hotel called the Union Inn on Union Street Newtown. 

Uralla Street: see Yaralla

Union_andKing_
Cnr Union St and South King St. (Domenic Brigandi)

 

 

T

Tasman Street in Enmore was not built. It appears on an 1871 subdivision map (no N6/217 at Mitchell Library) approximately where Pemell Street is now. The estate was (I understand) still owned by the Innes family and rented to the Pemell family members at this time. The name refers to brother-in law Thomas Reibey III who was Archdeacon of Launceston and Premier of Tasmania in 1876-77.

 

Thomas Street was formed after 1880 near the station in Camden but is now not much more than a car park entry. The origin of the name is not known; there at least twenty Thomases mentioned in Council’s Minutes but none of those are a surname (could there be a link to St Thomas’ Catholic Church which predates the nearer St Joseph’s?).

 

Thurnby Lane was situated in 1939 between Phillip and Wilford Streets in Enmore. It was named for the house which Thomas Chaplin Breillat purchased for £4,900 on 5 June 1854 and which was home to Judge Foster from 1873 to 1894 (see Chaplin Street) until illness took him to the Blue Mountains in the 1890s. He was an active Puritan Temperant known as ‘water-jug Foster’ in Parliament, lost his seat in 1883 and was Attorney-General under Parkes.

 

Toogood Street in Erskineville is now Rochford Street; William Toogood was related to the Kemp family, his estates was put up for sale in 1880 and 1884.

 

Tooth’s Lane has not been located; Robert Tooth was a brewer and one of the directors of the Camperdown Cemetery Company.

 

Trafalgar Terrace in Enmore was mentioned in November 1863. We cannot be sure if it was a row of houses like Horbury Terrace on the other side of the rail line or an actual street linking Liberty Street and the railway station. Thomas Breillat donated the land in March 1866, it was named as Trafalgar Terrace in December 1866 and renamed as Trafalgar Street after 1880.

Trafalgar-Bedford Sts Subway 1967Trafalgar - Bedford St Subway 2007 (Rodgers)

Trafalgar-Beford st Subway – in 1967 (ArchivePix) and 2007 (Rodgers)

 

Trade Street in Kingston is first mentioned in 1874, and the words ‘Trade Street’s new part’ in the minutes of 18 January 1887 and October 1888 suggest it was extended.

 

Tufts Lane off Australia Street in Kingston is first mentioned in 1879; Mr. Tufts operated a hotel between Hordern and O’Connell Streets from the 1850s and negotiated with the Council over his property in Australia Street in the 1870s.

 

Turtle Lane, located near Young Lane and Land’s Lane in Kingston, was given this name in 1878. Members of the Turtle family were resident here from the 1860s, Mr. Turtle’s shop in Albermarle Street is mentioned on 10th May 1887 and 18th June 1889; Charles Henry Turtle Turtle was an Alderman in the 1910s.

 

S

St. John Street in Camden is first mentioned in 1877 and was presumably named for the local Masonic organisation known as the Loyal St. Johns Lodge which was formed in 1844. The minutes in 1877 refer to John Street off White Horse Road but this may be an error.

 

St. Mary Street in Kingston was formed prior to 1863.

 

Salvation Lane in O’Connell, first mentioned in 1884, is believed to be Buckland Lane which runs parallel on the east side of King Street. This lane is also known as Judge Lane on the 1880s Higinbotham map.

 

Salmon Park in Camden was named for Mayor John Salmon in the 1900s.

 

Sarah Square, near the corner of Missenden Road and Carillon Avenue, was an oval-shaped area of parkland described as a ‘water reserve for the use of purchasers’ in the 1840s O’Connell subdivision. It was fenced and used as a Council depot in the 1880s, and the Newtown Volunteer Corps used it for their drills in 1886. It was reduced to one street width and renamed Solomon Place in the building of the Newtown North Demonstration School and its remodelling as a Teachers College in the 1970s.

 

Sarah Street in Enmore can be seen on an 1841 subdivision map. It may have been named for Sarah Levey, the stepsister of Joshua Josephson, who was married to Barnett Levey who owned the Theatre Royal in George Street, Australia’s first professional theatre as well as Waverley House (18271904) which gave its name to the municipality.

 

Sedgwick Lane is mentioned in the Minutes of Newtown Council on 10 June 1884. Dr. William George Sedgwick, mason, lived near the Red House (see page 119 of the Jubilee History) was one the first trustees for the new St Stephen’s Church (9 August 1881) and valued as a vaccinator during the typhoid disease scares of the 1880s (Gledhill says his name was William Gillet Sedgwick)

 

Short Street in Enmore was opposite the Congregational Church and mentioned in 1865; this is now probably Goddard Street (see extension 12 July 1881).

 

Short Street is a narrow lane in O’Connell mentioned on 3 October 1882 and needs to be checked.

 

Simmons Street in Enmore was formed by 1841 and named for Isaac or James Simmons who auctioned the land west of here. James Simmons was an auctioneer/landowner on the Provisional Committee of the Sydney Railway Company, which planned Australia’s first railway in the late 1840s between Sydney and Parramatta.

 

Sloane Street in Enmore from 1882 (initially spelt ‘Sloan’); London’s Sloane Street is a fashionable street in Knightsbridge.

 

Smiths Lane appears on the 1939 Lands Department map in Kingston but has not yet been located.

 

Solomon Place appears on 1930s maps near the corner of Missenden Road and Carillon Avenue in O’Connell. It used to be Sarah Square, but was reduced to one street width, and renamed Solomon Place for Mayor Joseph Solomon some time after 1928.

 

Soudan Lane was formed after the demolition of Kelly’s Bakery on the east side of the Bucknell Street corner. 750 Australian soldiers were sent in March 1885 to rescue General Gordon at Khartoum in the Sudan (Soudan) Campaign, much to the chagrin of Nicholas Hawken MLA for Newtown who claimed the expedition was illegal. Newtown’s Volunteer Rifle Corps and the Newtown Reserve Infantry were active at this time.

 

Sparkes Lane W. H. Sparke offered a mortgage to Council in 1876, Charles Sparkes was founder of Newtown Cricket Club, George H. Sparkes JP, born 1843, served in the Imperial Army during the New Zealand wars, came to Sydney in 1870, was Captain of the Newtown Volunteer Infantry/Rifles Corps in the 1880s and later Mayor of Camperdown.

 

Stanley Street in Kingston was formed after 1880 and renamed as Gilpin sometime after 1922.

 

Stanmore Road branches off Enmore Road at the western boundary of Enmore Road; Newtown negotiated with Marrickville Council in December 1863 to share the cost of forming it.

 

Stack Street in Enmore can be seen on Higinbothams 1880s map; see Albert and Little Commodore Streets.

 

Station Street (Dan Hill)
Station Street (Dan Hill)

Station Street in Enmore was formed prior to 1863, north and south of the railway station which operated here from 1855. It is marked as Railway Street on subdivision map no N6/245 at the Mitchell Library.

 

Stephen Street in O’Connell is a short unusually-curved laneway formed prior to 1858 and named for the first St Stephen’s Church here.

 

Susan Street in O’Connell was formed prior to 1858 near the first St Stephens Church.

 

R

Railway Lane in Camden is found on the 1939 Lands Department map between Thomas and Gowrie Streets.

 

Randle Street was formed as part of the Pines Estate subdivision of 1887. William Randle was born in 1826 the son of one of the builders of England’s Great Eastern Railway. He arrived in Sydney on 9 July 1852 with his brother-in-law James Wallace who had the job as engineer-in-chief to the semi-private Sydney Railway Company. On 5 August 1852 because of his ‘demonstrated competence and personally winning ways’ he was given the contract to build the railway from Sydney to the village of Ashfield. He ran a series of brickyards along the route to Parramatta. He imported English locomotives and 500 ‘navvies’ in 1853 to supplement the labour force and was given an advance of £1500 to house them. There is an unsourced anecdote that prominent landowner Felix Wilson took offence that Randle’s navvies were hacking up trees in his garden; the ‘personally winning’ young man married Felix Wilson’s 20 year old daughter Ann Elizabeth in 1854. The brickyard and housing for Newtown was presumably on Enmore Road near Station Street. There was also a ‘portable public house’ known as ‘The Russell Arms’. The Sydney Railway Company was progressively brought under government control from 1853 to 2 June 1855 when the railway opened. On 28th August 1855 Randle was given the contract to manage and operate the line for 12 months for 55% of the gross earnings. On 20 November 1856 he commenced construction of the rail extension to Liverpool. He sold much of the Newtown land used in construction on 4th May 1857 in 26 allotments, keeping lots for nine 33-foot wide cottages for himself on the main road between Station and Wilford Streets. This was known as Randle’s and Randell’s terrace until the 1860-1880s. Afterwards he was involved with building the magnificent Long Cove Viaduct, Fort Denison, and some Victorian rail lines but it seems he was insolvent by 1863. William and Ann Elizabeth had children Thomas and Esther. It seems he acted on behalf of the Wilson family up until the selling of their estate in the 1880s. A Mr. N. or W. Randle corresponded with Council in 1866 respecting the state of Forbes Street. He died in England in 17 November 1884.

 

Raper Street in O’Connell was built on what was known as Raper’s Paddock, Cattleyard and Dairy. It was given to Council by Thomas Chalder in 1878 and was named for landowner Edward Raper JP MLA who lived in Prospect Street at the time. The land around here was associated with the Church of England; Rev Canon Robert Taylor (1834-1907) lived in ‘Raper House’ (which Bruce Baskerville says was at 50-74 Egan Street) and the former Diocesan Architect Edmund Blacket who designed St. Stephens built the rather plain terrace of six houses on the eastern side around 1877 for John Wilson.

 

Rawson Street in Enmore was formed in 1881 with the name Keig Street; Sir Harry Holdsworth Rawson was N. S. W. Governor 1902-09 (and opened the Dispensary Hall two blocks away) while Sir Dudley Rawson Stratford de Chair was Governor from 1924 to 1930.

 

Redwin Street appears on the 1939 Lands Department map but its location in O’Connell cannot be found; there was a John Redwin living in Union Street in the 1870s.

 

Reiby Lane is first mentioned on 22 December 1885; merchant Mary Reibey (1777-1855) purchased the Pencilville Estate for her retirement in 1842 and built Stanmore House for her daughters in 1847-49.

 

Regent Street in Kingston Ward was formed prior to 1858 and renamed Probert Street sometime after 1939.

 

Regent Lane still remains in Kingston Ward; see Regent Street.

 

Richard Street in O’Connell Ward was formed prior to 1863 but was removed in the remodelling of the grounds of the Teachers College in the 1970s.

 

Roberts Street in Kingston Ward may refer to John Charles Roberts, a solicitor in Cooks River Road in the 1850s, Charles Roberts, Sydney’s Mayor in 1879 or to Henry Robert, (Lord Hampden) N.S.W. Governor 1895-99.

 

Robey Street ran south of Wilson Street and was first mentioned in 1876, it was later referred to as the ‘continuation of Brown Street’ and renamed as Brown Street in 1885. Ralph Mayer Robey MP (1809-1864) arrived in the colony in 1841 and was a businessman, pastoralist and owner of ‘Linthorpe’ which Christopher Rolleston subdivided. He was also director of the Australian Joint Stock Bank, a part-owner and manager of the Colonial Sugar Refining Company, and a major shareholder in the Sydney Railway Co and the Bank of N. S. W.

 

Rochford Street in Erskineville is not mentioned prior to 1880; Bernard Rochford is said to have acquired Burren Farm under false pretences from his dieing [sic] employer Nicholas Divine and was the defendant in an 1852 claim, which caused the long-running Ejectment Case. (See Page 86 in the Diamond Jubilee Book for an interesting episode concerning a Mr. Cochrane and the Ejectment Case.)

 

Rose Street in O’Connell appears on an 1845 map surrounding the first St Stephen’s Church and was gravelled in 1864.

 

Rosewarne Terrace in Enmore was part of the subdivision of the same name, mentioned in April 1883 and named for Reverend William Rosewarne, a missionary who went to Fiji.

 

Rumpf Lane in O’Connell was named after 1880. Annie Rumpf arrived prior to 1880, owned the Mount Eagle Iron Works and was a keen supporter of Free Trade/Liberal Party in the 1900s.

 

Q

Queen Street in Enmore was a temporary renaming of Enmore Road in about 1880, soon after the central section of Cooks River Road had been renamed King Street. It prompted the naming of the hotel at 163 Enmore Road ‘Queen’s’ or ‘Queens Head’ in 1880, and featuring the life-size statue of Victoria in an elaborate parapet.

 

Queen Street in O’Connell was formerly a narrow lane formed in the 1830s called Francis Street. Cabinetmaker Edward Mason Hunt widened it at the same time as subdividing the Mounteagle estate and Mayor Munro renamed it as Queen Street in December 1869.

 

P

Park Lane was formed in O’Connell within the George Brock estate (its date to be sought as the park was gazetted in 1910s).

 

Pearl Street was part of the Enmore subdivision sold off by the Josephsons in the mid-1870s but Pearl is unknown; a Mr H. N. Pearl signed the 1859 municipal petition.

 

Pemell Street in Enmore was formed when the Stanmore House Estate was subdivided in November 1899. Mary Reibey built the house in the late 1840s and members of the Pemell family rented or owned it from 1864 to 1916. James Pemell 1816-1906 was MLA for East Sydney in 1859-1860; he owned the Victoria Flour Mill in Sussex Street in the 1870s which made ‘superfine silk-dressed flour, wheat meal and kiln-dried corn flour’. His name and the date 1893 can still be seen on his later mill building on the corner of Ultimo Road and Thomas Street in Haymarket. A certain John W. Pemell was a Wesleyan missionary on the goldfields (but we do not know if he is linked to the Newtown family).

 

Phillip Street in Enmore was formed in 1878 and named for accountant Henry Phillips. Phillips worked for the Australian Joint Stock Bank, with which Council banked from 1863 to 1886, and which opened a branch on the corner of Enmore and Metropolitan Road in 1878. He owned the Ashley (or Ashleigh) estate here from the late 1850s, was Trustee of the Congregational School in 1862 and Auditor to Council in 1863-64 and 1867. He complained to Council in May and July 1877 of London Street being an ‘open sewer’ due to raising of the London Street footpath, and of the ‘depredations in his paddock by cattle’.

 

Pierce Street is a short street without houses at the western extremity of Kingston between Bedford and Trade Streets. It was named in May 1884 for Charles Pierce, an alderman at the time.

 

Pikes Lane is located between Campbell and Kent Lane in Enmore.

 

Pine Street is part of the Pines Estate subdivision which was offered in 1887; subdivision map no N6/212 at the Mitchell Library has a sketch of the house surrounded by giant Norfolk Island Pine trees. It is said that the number of Norfolk Island Pines made Felix Wilson’s property a landmark in the area.

 

Prince Street in Camden was formed in 1886; an 1859 map of the area indicates that a Princess Street was proposed to be built around here.

 

Princes Highway is the current name for the section of the Cooks River Road south of Lord Street. It was declared in 1927 when the road was widened on its east side. Edward, Prince of Wales (later Edward VIII) was visiting Australia at that time.

 

Probert Street in Kingston Ward was formed prior to 1863 and was previously known as Regent Street. Thomas Probert was an Alderman (and sometime Mayor) of Camperdown between 1894 and 1908.

 

Prospect Street in O’Connell was part of the 1845 subdivision of Governor William Bligh’s 1806 210-acre Camperdown Estate grant. ‘Prospect House’ and ‘Prospect Cottage’ were located here and doubtlessly had a view or ‘prospect’ over surrounding areas. Robert Pemberton Richardson (1827-1900), his wife Isabella and their nine children were residents at ‘Prospect Cottage’ in the 1860s. He arrived in 1850 and, as agent for the company Richardson & Wrench, had dealings with Newtown Council.

 

O

O’Connell Street was part of the 1841-45 subdivision of Governor William Bligh’s 210-acre land grant. Its 12 acres were cut into 48 quarter-acre blocks. Lieutenant-General Maurice O’Connell, son in law to Governor Bligh returned to Sydney in 1845, 25 years after his first arrival. He is said to have lived in the City at the corner of O’Connell and Bent Streets and owned a mansion on Woolloomooloo Hill named Tarmons, yet Percy Gledhill’s 1946 Cemetery book maintains he also had a house on the corner of O’Connell and Prospect Streets in Newtown. His wife Mary, Bligh’s daughter commenced legal action to regain her father’s grants on 20 August 1857.

 

Oxford Street was formed in Kingston prior to 1863.